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You are travelling at 30 km/h. How long will the braking distance be, if it is 41 metres at 60 km/h?
“The braking distance [...] increases quadratically with increasing speed.” (Driving Licence Book, 19th Edition, page 120)
|Colour codes for the figures (easier to keep track of them)|
|Current speed||30 km/h|
|Comparative speed||60 km/h|
|Comparative braking distance||41 metres|
|Reduction in speed (to be calculated)||X times|
|Reduction in braking distance (to be calculated)||X times|
The answer is arrived at in several steps. The first question to ask yourself is whether the speed is increasing or decreasing. It is decreasing (from 60 to 30). But what we need to know is by how much it decreases:
The next step is to find out how much shorter the braking distance will be:
To the power of 2 as the braking distance increases quadratically with the speed. The term “quadratically” corresponds to the meaning of “to the power of 2”.
We now know that the braking distance is 4 times shorter. In order to arrive at the distance in metres (as the question is asking for), the following calculation is used:
Note that the road is probably very slippery, as 10 metres at 30 km/h is a fairly long braking distance.
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